What is the apprenticeship framework?

What is the framework?

Apprenticeships are made up of a framework of qualifications. This means apprentices will achieve a range of qualifications as they progress through their training and education.

Each apprenticeship framework generally includes the following elements:

  • A knowledge-based qualification
  • A competence-based qualification
  • Functional skills in English, maths and sometimes ICT, depending on the apprenticeship framework
  • Employee rights and responsibilities
  • Personal learning and thinking skills

Do apprentices take exams?

Most assessments are carried out in the workplace but there may be a requirement to take some tests.

Do apprentices pay tax and national insurance?

As is the case of all employees aged 16 and over, apprentices must still pay tax and national insurance on their income.

What are my responsibilities as the employer?

You must give your apprentice an induction into their role and provide on-the-job training. As with all employees, you are also responsible for the wages of your apprentice.

What is the apprentice National Minimum Wage rate?

The current minimum rate for apprentices is £3.40 per hour.

Will I pay the new apprentice minimum rate for the entire length of their apprenticeship?

The National Minimum Apprenticeship Wage applies to 16 to 18-year-olds and apprentices aged 19 and over in the first year of their apprenticeship. All other apprentices are entitled to the National Minimum Wage, relative to their age.

What does this mean for me as an employer?

Employers must comply with National Minimum Wage legislation as set by HMRC. This includes time working and spent in training.

Do I have to give my apprentice holidays?

Like most other employees, apprentices must be given at least 20 days’ paid holiday per year, as well as bank holidays.

Are apprentices eligible for maternity leave?

Yes. Like all employees, apprentices are entitled to statutory maternity leave of 52 weeks, with statutory maternity pay for up to 39 weeks.

Is there a limit to the number of apprentices that I can take on?

No, you can take on as many as needed – and often in more than one framework. Employers are responsible for giving the apprentice an induction into their role, as they provide on-the-job training.

I have an employee keen to do an apprenticeship. Can I still take them on as an apprentice?

Yes. Please can direct them to our “How to apply” page.